[News] US to Lobby Netherlands and Japan to Contain China’s Chip Development, Focusing on HBM – TrendForce

According to a report from Reuters on June 19, to further restrict China’s semiconductor industry and prevent the use of semiconductor manufacturing equipment in military applications, Alan Estevez, the U.S. Commerce Department’s Under Secretary for Industry and Security, will visit the Netherlands and Japan.
Reportedly, Estevez will visit the Netherlands and Japan, with the primary objective of further limiting China’s ability to manufacture advanced semiconductors and preventing China from using chip manufacturing equipment to enhance its military capabilities. Additionally, the U.S. may add another 11 Chinese chip companies to the restricted list.
Sources cited by the report indicate that this move includes limiting the activities of equipment suppliers such as ASML and Japan’s Tokyo Electron in the Chinese market. Special attention will be given to Chinese chip manufacturers developing high-bandwidth memory (HBM) chips.
The report from also states that in July 2023, to align with U.S. government policies aimed at curbing China’s technological advancements, Japan, home to several chip equipment manufacturers like Nikon and Tokyo Electron, imposed restrictions on the export of 23 types of machinery to China. These machines range from those used for depositing thin films on silicon wafers to etching micro-integrated circuits. Similarly, the U.S. has imposed related restrictions on American companies such as Applied Materials and Lam Research.
Following Japan, the Dutch government also restricted ASML from exporting deep ultraviolet (DUV) lithography machines to China. The U.S. has not allowed some Chinese foundries to purchase additional advanced DUV machines. Prior to this, ASML had already ceased the export of even more advanced extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography machines to China.
With the Netherlands imposing new restrictions on the export of advanced chip manufacturing equipment effective from January, ASML previously announced that starting from 2024, they would not be able to ship NXT:2000i and higher DUV lithography equipment to China.
Equipment below NXT:2000i, including NXT:1970i and NXT:1980i, would also be restricted from shipment to advanced process fabs in China. ASML’s Chief Financial Officer, Roger Dassen, anticipated that this will impact 10% to 15% of sales in the Chinese market in 2024.
On the other hand, it has been reported that the U.S. government is in discussions with its allies about adding another 11 Chinese chip manufacturers to the blacklist. During a visit to the Netherlands in April this year, U.S. officials attempted to prevent ASML from continuing to provide maintenance services for equipment used in China. However, since ASML’s service contracts with Chinese customers are still valid and the Dutch government lacks the extraterritorial authority to terminate these contracts, this effort faced significant challenges.
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(Photo credit: iStock)


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